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Ecotourism, What is it and what are its 10 benefits

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Welcome to our exploration of ecotourism, an incredible form of travel that combines adventure, exploration, and environmental responsibility. Ecotourism, also known as nature-based or conservation-focused travel, is all about enjoying our natural surroundings while ensuring we leave a minimal footprint. It involves visiting amazing locations to support, conserve, and observe flora and fauna in their natural habitats. It has often been defined as “responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people” (source).

Many of the conservation ideals of ecotourism are similar to the Leave No Trace philosophy that we have already covered. This method of mixing tourism and conservation isn’t perfect but it is proven to be very effective at allowing people to experience nature while giving back at the same time.

Ecotourism: Adventure with a Purpose - Adventureite
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The Ethical Traveler: 100 Ways to Roam the World (Without Ruining It!) Travel can be a blast, but there are hidden costs to your trips that go deeper than your pockets. From potential impacts on the environment or the communities we visit to respecting others’ cultures, taking a moment to consider our choices can make a real impact on the planet and other people.

Key Takeaways

7 Principles of Ecotourism

The seven principles of ecotourism were given by Martha Honey in the 1999 book Ecotourism and Sustainable Development.

  1. Ecotourism should involve travel to natural destinations
  2. It should minimize impacts on the environment
  3. Ecotourism should be built on environmental awareness
  4. Ecotourism should provide direct financial benefits for conservation efforts
  5. Ecotourism should respect local culture
  6. It should provide support for human rights and democratic movements
  7. It should provide direct financial benefits for the local people

7 Principles of Ecotourism by Martha Honey

The 10 Benefits of Ecotourism

When it comes to ecotourism, the benefits are far-reaching and impactful. By choosing to engage in this form of travel, we can contribute to the preservation of biodiversity, empower local communities, foster cultural exchange, promote environmental education, support conservation efforts, mitigate negative impacts, and experience personal enrichment along the way.

  1. Promotes Conservation - Ecotourism provides an economic incentive for the preservation of natural resources. By generating income from tourists visiting protected areas, local communities are more likely to value and protect these areas. In turn, this helps to conserve the environment and protect wildlife.
  2. Supports Local Economies - Ecotourism can provide significant benefits to local economies by generating income through tourism. This income can be used to improve infrastructure and provide employment opportunities, which can lead to a better quality of life for local communities.
  3. Offers Unique Experiences - Ecotourism provides the opportunity for tourists to experience nature and wildlife in a way that is not possible through traditional forms of tourism. From trekking through tropical forests to observing wildlife in their natural habitats, ecotourism offers a truly unique and unforgettable experience.
  4. Raises Awareness - Ecotourism helps to raise awareness about environmental issues and the importance of conservation. By visiting protected areas and learning about the environment, tourists become more informed and invested in the conservation of these areas.
  5. Promotes Sustainable Development - Ecotourism can promote sustainable development by generating income that is reinvested into the local community. This can help to create a self-sustaining cycle of economic growth and conservation, which benefits both the environment and local communities.
  6. Offers Alternative Livelihoods - In areas where traditional industries, such as logging or mining, are damaging to the environment, ecotourism can provide alternative livelihoods for local communities. By generating income from ecotourism, these communities can shift away from damaging industries and towards more sustainable forms of economic development.
  7. Improves Livelihoods - Ecotourism can improve the livelihoods of local communities by generating income and providing employment opportunities. This can help to reduce poverty and improve the standard of living for people living in these areas.
  8. Enhances Cultural Understanding - Ecotourism can enhance cultural understanding by providing opportunities for tourists to interact with local communities and learn about their culture and traditions. This can help to promote cross-cultural understanding and respect, which can have a positive impact on local communities and the environment.
  9. Minimizes Environmental Impact - Ecotourism is designed to minimize the environmental impact of tourism. By promoting sustainable practices, such as responsible waste management and low-impact transportation, ecotourism helps to protect the environment and conserve natural resources.
  10. Generates Income for Conservation - Ecotourism generates income that can be used to support conservation efforts. This income can be used to fund research, protect wildlife, and maintain protected areas, which helps to ensure that these areas remain intact for future generations to enjoy.

Ten Commandments of Ecotourism

According to the American Society of Travel Agents (ASTA) there are 10 commandments of ecotourism. These commandments echo the philosophy and dedication to sustainable and respectful travel as the 7 Principles of Ecotourism. We felt it’s important to include both because there are subtle differences. You can learn more at The Sustainable Tourism Gateway.

  1. Respect the frailty of the earth. Realize that unless all are willing to help in its preservation, unique and beautiful destinations may not be here for future generations to enjoy.
  2. Leave only footprints. Take only photographs. No graffiti! No litter! Do not take away souvenirs from historical sites and natural areas.
  3. To make your travels more meaningful, educate yourself about the geography, customs, manners and cultures of the region you visit. Take time to listen to the people. Encourage local conservation efforts.
  4. Respect the privacy and dignity of others. Inquire before photographing people.
  5. Do not buy products made from endangered plants or animals, such as ivory, tortoise shell, animal skins, and feathers.
  6. Always follow designated trails. Do not disturb animals, plants or their natural habitats.
  7. Learn about and support conservation-oriented programs and organizations working to preserve the environment.
  8. Whenever possible, walk or use environmentally-sound methods of transportation. Encourage drivers of public vehicles to stop engines when parked.
  9. Patronize those (hotels, airlines, resorts, cruise lines, tour operators and suppliers) who advance energy and environmental conservation; water and air quality; recycling; safe management of waste and toxic materials; noise abatement, community involvement; and which provide experienced, well-trained staff dedicated to strong principles of conservation.
  10. Encourage organizations to subscribe to environmental guidelines. ASTA urges organizations to adopt their own environmental codes to cover special sties and ecosystems.

AI generated image of tourism using eco-friendly transportation

The Essence of EcoTourism

When it comes to ecotourism, there are three key principles that define its essence: conservation, community involvement, and education. At the heart of ecotourism is a deep commitment to preserving the natural environment, ensuring that the places we visit remain untouched by human presence. This means treading lightly, minimizing our impact, and leaving no trace behind.

But ecotourism goes beyond conservation. It also recognizes the importance of community involvement. By engaging with local communities, we can support their livelihoods and empower them to take an active role in preserving their environment. This can be through community-based tourism initiatives, where locals become partners in sustainable development, or by supporting local businesses and artisans.

Education is another essential aspect of ecotourism. By promoting understanding and appreciation of unique ecosystems, we can cultivate a sense of responsibility towards the environment. Ecotourism offers opportunities for travelers to learn about the flora, fauna, and cultural heritage of a destination, fostering a deeper connection with the natural world and the people who call it home.

“The greatest threat to our planet is the belief that someone else will save it.” - Robert Swan

AI generated image of traveler visiting farmers market


Conservation is at the core of ecotourism. It involves protecting and preserving fragile ecosystems, endangered species, and the overall biodiversity of a region. By practicing responsible travel behaviors, such as sticking to designated trails and respecting wildlife and their habitats, we can ensure that these natural wonders remain intact for future generations to enjoy.

Community Involvement

Empowering local communities is crucial in the realm of ecotourism. By supporting local businesses and initiatives, we contribute to the sustainable development of the communities we visit. This involvement not only helps to preserve cultural traditions but also ensures that the economic benefits of tourism reach those who need it the most.


Ecotourism provides a platform for environmental education. It offers opportunities to learn about the significance of conservation, the interconnectedness of ecosystems, and the importance of sustainable practices. Through these educational experiences, we can cultivate a sense of responsibility and inspire others to protect and cherish our natural world.

ConservationCommunity InvolvementEducation
DefinitionAims to protect fragile ecosystems and biodiversityEngages with local communities and supports their well-beingPromotes understanding and appreciation of natural environments
ExamplePreserving endangered species in a national parkSupporting local artisans and entrepreneursOffering guided tours with knowledgeable naturalists
ImpactPreserves natural wonders for future generationsEmpowers local communities and reduces povertyFosters environmental stewardship and consciousness

What makes ecotourism unique?

Ecotourism is unique in several key ways. Firstly, it’s all about education and awareness. Ecotourists are typically more conscious and knowledgeable about the environment and wildlife they are visiting, and they seek out opportunities to learn more about these things. They want to understand the intricacies of the ecosystems they’re visiting, and how they can help to protect them.

Secondly, ecotourism is focused on sustainability. This means that the experiences offered to visitors are designed to be environmentally friendly and sustainable, with minimal impact on the environment. For example, an ecotourism operator may use renewable energy sources, like wind and solar power, to power their facilities, and may also recycle and compost waste to reduce the amount of waste that ends up in landfills.

Finally, ecotourism is about supporting local communities. This means that ecotourism operators work with local communities to create sustainable jobs and conserve the environment. They may provide training and education programs for local residents, and may also purchase goods and services from local suppliers. This helps to build a strong, resilient, and sustainable local economy.

How the tourism industry can be responsible for its environmental footprint | Sean Nino | TEDxUbud

Why is ecotourism important?

Ecotourism helps to protect the planet’s ecosystems and wildlife, by minimizing the impact of tourism on the environment. It also supports local communities, by providing sustainable jobs and supporting local economies. This helps to create a more resilient and sustainable future for both the planet and its inhabitants.

Secondly, ecotourism provides an opportunity for travelers to connect with the natural world in a meaningful and enriching way. It allows them to escape the hustle and bustle of everyday life and immerse themselves in the beauty and wonder of the planet’s ecosystems and wildlife. This connection with nature can be truly transformative, helping travelers to gain a deeper appreciation for the planet and its inhabitants, and to feel inspired to take action to protect it.

Finally, ecotourism provides a way for travelers to support sustainable and responsible tourism practices. By choosing to participate in ecotourism, travelers can help to ensure that future generations will have the opportunity to experience the planet’s ecosystems and wildlife, just as they have.

What Is Ecotourism & Why Should We Be Ecotourists? - Dr Hayley Stainton

Ecotourism Documentry

We only recently watched Green Paradise and we really enjoyed it. They go into a lot of detail about some of the most amazing places on earth, and the people who live there. I can’t recommend it enough, in fact I might write a review on the series soon. I recommend checking it out, if you have Amazon Prime you can stream it for free.

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Green Paradise Documentry. 10 Episodes. Explore the Earth and the most beautiful natural paradises in the world. These stunning locales are preserved thanks to the dedication of local populations. Meet the inhabitants of these lands who have developed small businesses to welcome visitors in their environment, and helped create a new form of travel: sustainable tourism.

History of Ecotourism

Ecotourism can be traced back to a group of passionate environmentalists and travel enthusiasts who dreamt of a world where the act of traveling could coexist with the preservation of natural habitats and the welfare of local communities. They believed that travel could be a powerful tool for conservation and sustainable development and that by educating travelers about the fragility of the earth’s ecosystems, they could inspire them to become more conscious and responsible tourists.

As the demand for more sustainable travel options grew, so did the popularity of ecotourism. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, several organizations and governments, including the International Ecotourism Society (TIES), established ecotourism as a recognized travel category, and defined it as “responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people.”

Today, ecotourism is a thriving industry, encompassing everything from camping in the wilderness to staying in eco-lodges, from trekking through pristine rainforests to observing wildlife in their natural habitats. It’s a complex and dynamic industry, but at its core, ecotourism remains true to its original mission of promoting sustainable travel and conservation.

AI generated image of traveler visiting farmers market

The Future of Ecotourism

We are no experts but as the world becomes more conscious of the need for sustainable travel, the future of ecotourism looks promising. With a growing focus on responsible practices and advancements in technology, tourism and travel are evolving to meet the demands of environmentally conscious travelers.

One of the key trends in ecotourism is the emphasis on sustainable travel. Travelers are increasingly seeking destinations that prioritize conservation, biodiversity preservation, and community engagement. They are looking for experiences that not only allow them to connect with nature but also contribute positively to the environment and local communities. From eco-lodges powered by renewable energy to wildlife conservation projects, sustainable travel practices are becoming the norm.

Technological Advancements

Technology is playing a crucial role in the future of ecotourism. Innovations such as smart tourism solutions, sustainable transportation options, and renewable energy sources are being implemented to reduce the industry’s carbon footprint. Additionally, advancements in communication technology are making it easier for travelers to access information about sustainable practices and make informed choices when planning their trips.

The Road Ahead

We think that with dedicated efforts from travelers, destinations, and industry stakeholders, the future of ecotourism holds great promise. By continuing to prioritize sustainability, engage local communities, and embrace technological advancements, together we can ensure that future generations have the opportunity to explore and appreciate the wonders of our planet. The journey towards sustainable travel is an ongoing one, and we all have a role to play in shaping the future of ecotourism. As fellow travelers we hope that you embrace this cause with us and help to encourage sustainable ecotourism as you explore the world.

AI generated image of an eco-friendly tourist destination


Q: What is ecotourism?

A: Ecotourism is a form of travel that focuses on minimizing harm to the natural environment. It involves visiting areas with exotic and extreme conditions to support, conserve, and observe flora and fauna.

Q: What are the principles of ecotourism?

A: The principles of ecotourism are conservation, community involvement, and education. Ecotourism aims to ensure the places visited remain untouched by human presence, support local communities, and promote understanding and appreciation of unique ecosystems.

Q: What are some benefits of ecotourism?

A: Ecotourism offers numerous benefits, including sustainable development, boosting the local economy, and preserving native cultures and vulnerable species.

Q: How can I choose sustainable destinations for ecotourism?

A: Factors to consider when choosing sustainable destinations include the preservation of biodiversity, community engagement, eco-friendly practices, certifications and accreditations, community benefits, and the empowerment of local economies.

Q: Can you provide examples of eco-friendly destinations?

A: Some examples of eco-friendly destinations include Costa Rica, Norway, Bhutan, New Zealand, and Switzerland.

Q: What are some responsible travel practices for eco-tourism?

A: Responsible travel practices include packing light and smart, respecting wildlife and their habitats, sticking to designated trails, reducing energy consumption, and supporting local economies by purchasing goods and services from local businesses and artisans.

Q: Are there impactful projects and conservation initiatives related to ecotourism?

A: Yes, many eco-tourism destinations have impactful projects and conservation initiatives aimed at preserving the environment and promoting sustainable tourism.

Q: What is the future of eco-tourism?

A: The future of eco-tourism looks promising, with a growing focus on sustainable travel practices and advancements in technology.

Q: Where can I find additional resources on ecotourism?

A: For further information and resources on ecotourism, travelers can explore additional guides and sustainable travel tips that provide insights and recommendations on how to make the most of their eco-friendly journeys.

Q: How can I practice respect for the Earth during ecotourism?

A: It is important to practice responsible behavior during ecotourism, including leaving no trace, learning about local customs and cultures, seeking permission before photographing people, avoiding products made from endangered species, and supporting conservation programs and organizations.

Before You Go …

Thanks for reading, we hope you learned something. Before you go we would like to recommend checking out our articles on slow travel and our eco-friendly travel tips. If you have any questions or comments please contact us on our social media. Safe Travels!

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